db_cachedb Module

Vladut-Stefan Paiu

OpenSIPS Solutions

Edited by

Vladut-Stefan Paiu

Table of Contents

1. Admin Guide
1.1. Overview
1.1.1. The idea
1.1.2. OpenSIPS Modules
1.1.3. External Libraries or Applications
1.2. Exported Parameters
1.2.1. cachedb_url (str)
1.3. Examples of Usage
1.3.1. Distributed Subscriber Base
1.4. Current Limitations
1.4.1. CacheDB modules integration
1.4.2. Extensive Testing Needed
1.4.3. CacheDB Specific 'schema' and other incompatibilities

List of Examples

1.1. Set cachedb_url parameter
1.2. OpenSIPS CFG Snippet for using DB_CACHEDB

Chapter 1. Admin Guide

1.1. Overview

1.1. Overview

1.1.1.  The idea

The db_cachedb module will expose the same front db api, however it will run on top of a NoSQL back-end, emulating the SQL calls to the back-end specific queries. Thus, any OpenSIPS module that would regularily need a regular SQL-based database, will now be able to run over a NoSQL back-end, allowing for a much easier distribution and integration of the currently existing OpenSIPS modules in a distributed environment.

1.1.2. OpenSIPS Modules

The following modules must be loaded before this module:

  • At least one NoSQL cachedb_* module.

1.1.3. External Libraries or Applications

The following libraries or applications must be installed before running OpenSIPS with this module loaded:

  • None.

1.2. Exported Parameters

1.2.1.  cachedb_url (str)

The URL for the CacheDB back-end to be used. It can be set more than one time.

Example 1.1. Set cachedb_url parameter


1.3. Examples of Usage

1.3.1.  Distributed Subscriber Base

In order to achieve such a setup, one would have to set the db_url parameter of the auth_db module to point to the DB_CACHEDB URL.

Example 1.2. OpenSIPS CFG Snippet for using DB_CACHEDB

loadmodule "auth_db.so"
modparam("auth_db", "load_credentials", "$avp(user_rpid)=rpid")

loadmodule "db_cachedb.so"
loadmodule "cachedb_mongodb.so"

With such a setup, the auth_db module will load the subscribers from the MongoDB cluster, in the 'my_db' database, in the 'subscriber' collection.

The same mechanism/setup can be used to run other modules ( like usrloc, dialog, permissions, drouting, etc ) on top of a cachedb cluster.

1.4. Current Limitations

1.4.1.  CacheDB modules integration

Currently the only cachedb_* module that implements this functionality is the cachedb_mongodb module, so currently you can only emulate SQL queries to a MongoDB instance/cluster. There are plans to also extend this functionality to other cachedb_* backends, like Cassandra and CouchBase.

1.4.2.  Extensive Testing Needed

Since there are many OpenSIPS modules that currently use the DB interface, it wasn't feasible to test all scenarios with all modules, and there still might be some incompatibilities. The module was tested with some regularily used modules ( like usrloc, dialog, permissions, drouting ), but more testing is very much welcome, and feedback is appreciated.

1.4.3.  CacheDB Specific 'schema' and other incompatibilities

Since the NoSQL backends do not usually have a strict schema involved, we do not provide scripts for creating such schemas, since the insertion ops will trigger the dynamically creation of the schema and info. Still, a specific data collection needs to be present, and that is the equivalent of the 'version' table from the SQL. Since most modules check the version table at the module setup, it's the user's responsability to setup such a 'version' collection in the respective NoSQL back-end. For example, for the MongoDB cluster, 'version' is a reserved keyword, so one would have to change the default version table that OpenSIPS uses ( via the 'db_version_table' global parameter ) and then manually insert the version number with something like db.my_version_table.insert({table_version : NumberInt(5), table_name : "address"})