sl Module

Table of Contents

1. Admin Guide
1.1. Overview
1.2. Dependencies
1.2.1. OpenSIPS Modules
1.2.2. External Libraries or Applications
1.3. Exported Parameters
1.3.1. enable_stats (integer)
1.4. Exported Functions
1.4.1. sl_send_reply(code, reason)
1.4.2. sl_reply_error()
1.5. Exported Statistics
1.5.1. 1xx_replies
1.5.2. 2xx_replies
1.5.3. 3xx_replies
1.5.4. 4xx_replies
1.5.5. 5xx_replies
1.5.6. 6xx_replies
1.5.7. sent_replies
1.5.8. sent_err_replies
1.5.9. received_ACKs
2. Contributors
2.1. By Commit Statistics
2.2. By Commit Activity
3. Documentation
3.1. Contributors

List of Tables

2.1. Top contributors by DevScore(1), authored commits(2) and lines added/removed(3)
2.2. Most recently active contributors(1) to this module

List of Examples

1.1. enable_stats example
1.2. sl_send_reply usage
1.3. sl_reply_error usage

Chapter1.Admin Guide


The SL module allows OpenSIPS to act as a stateless UA server and generate replies to SIP requests without keeping state. That is beneficial in many scenarios, in which you wish not to burden server's memory and scale well.

The SL module needs to filter ACKs sent after a local stateless reply to an INVITE was generated. To recognize such ACKs, OpenSIPS adds a special "signature" in to-tags. This signature is sought for in incoming ACKs, and if included, the ACKs are absorbed.

To speed up the filtering process, the module uses a timeout mechanism. When a reply is sent, a timer is set. As time as the timeout didn't hit, the incoming ACK requests will be checked using TO tag value. Once the timer expires, all the ACK are let through - a long time passed till it sent a reply, so it does not expect any ACK that have to be blocked.

The ACK filtering may fail in some rare cases. If you think these matter to you, better use stateful processing (tm module) for INVITE processing. Particularly, the problem happens when a UA sends an INVITE which already has a to-tag in it (e.g., a re-INVITE) and OpenSIPS want to reply to it. Than, it will keep the current to-tag, which will be mirrored in ACK. OpenSIPS will not see its signature and forward the ACK downstream. Caused harm is not bad--just a useless ACK is forwarded.


1.2.1.OpenSIPS Modules

The following modules must be loaded before this module:

  • No dependencies on other OpenSIPS modules.

1.2.2.External Libraries or Applications

The following libraries or applications must be installed before running OpenSIPS with this module loaded:

  • None.

1.3.Exported Parameters

1.3.1.enable_stats (integer)

If the module should generate and export statistics to the core manager. A zero value means disabled.

SL module provides statistics about how many replies were sent ( splitted per code classes) and how many local ACKs were filtered out.

Default value is 1 (enabled).

Example1.1.enable_stats example

modparam("sl", "enable_stats", 0)

1.4.Exported Functions

1.4.1. sl_send_reply(code, reason)

For the current request, a reply is sent back having the given code and text reason. The reply is sent stateless, totally independent of the Transaction module and with no retransmission for the INVITE's replies. 'code' and 'reason' can contain pseudo-variables that are replaced at runtime.

Meaning of the parameters is as follows:

  • code - Return code.

  • reason - Reason phrase.

This function can be used from REQUEST_ROUTE, ERROR_ROUTE.

Example1.2.sl_send_reply usage

sl_send_reply("404", "Not found");
sl_send_reply("$err.rcode", "$err.rreason");

1.4.2. sl_reply_error()

Sends back an error reply describing the nature of the last internal error. Usually this function should be used after a script function that returned an error code.

This function can be used from REQUEST_ROUTE.

Example1.3.sl_reply_error usage


1.5.Exported Statistics

The number of 1xx_replies.

The number of 2xx_replies.

The number of 3xx_replies.

The number of 4xx_replies.

The number of 5xx_replies.

The number of 6xx_replies.


The number of sent_replies.


The number of sent_err_replies.


The number of received_ACKs.


2.1.By Commit Statistics

Table2.1.Top contributors by DevScore(1), authored commits(2) and lines added/removed(3)

NameDevScoreCommitsLines ++Lines --
1. Bogdan-Andrei Iancu (@bogdan-iancu)7454875711
2. Jiri Kuthan (@jiriatipteldotorg)4332665232
3. Daniel-Constantin Mierla (@miconda)2316295172
4. Andrei Pelinescu-Onciul16145050
5. Liviu Chircu (@liviuchircu)1292860
6. Jan Janak (@janakj)12835521
7. Henning Westerholt (@henningw)751212
8. Razvan Crainea (@razvancrainea)751211
9. Elena-Ramona Modroiu32650
10. Jeffrey Magder314018

All remaining contributors: Andreas Heise, Konstantin Bokarius, Anca Vamanu, Ionut Ionita (@ionutrazvanionita), Edson Gellert Schubert, Vlad Patrascu (@rvlad-patrascu).

(1) DevScore = author_commits + author_lines_added / (project_lines_added / project_commits) + author_lines_deleted / (project_lines_deleted / project_commits)

(2) including any documentation-related commits, excluding merge commits. Regarding imported patches/code, we do our best to count the work on behalf of the proper owner, as per the "fix_authors" and "mod_renames" arrays in opensips/doc/ If you identify any patches/commits which do not get properly attributed to you, please submit a pull request which extends "fix_authors" and/or "mod_renames".

(3) ignoring whitespace edits, renamed files and auto-generated files

2.2.By Commit Activity

Table2.2.Most recently active contributors(1) to this module

NameCommit Activity
1. Bogdan-Andrei Iancu (@bogdan-iancu)Feb 2002 - Nov 2019
2. Razvan Crainea (@razvancrainea)Feb 2012 - Sep 2019
3. Liviu Chircu (@liviuchircu)Mar 2014 - Jun 2018
4. Vlad Patrascu (@rvlad-patrascu)May 2017 - May 2017
5. Ionut Ionita (@ionutrazvanionita)Nov 2014 - Nov 2014
6. Anca VamanuNov 2010 - Nov 2010
7. Henning Westerholt (@henningw)Aug 2007 - Jun 2008
8. Daniel-Constantin Mierla (@miconda)Apr 2006 - Mar 2008
9. Konstantin BokariusMar 2008 - Mar 2008
10. Edson Gellert SchubertFeb 2008 - Feb 2008

All remaining contributors: Andreas Heise, Elena-Ramona Modroiu, Jeffrey Magder, Jiri Kuthan (@jiriatipteldotorg), Jan Janak (@janakj), Andrei Pelinescu-Onciul.

(1) including any documentation-related commits, excluding merge commits



Last edited by: Bogdan-Andrei Iancu (@bogdan-iancu), Liviu Chircu (@liviuchircu), Razvan Crainea (@razvancrainea), Henning Westerholt (@henningw), Daniel-Constantin Mierla (@miconda), Konstantin Bokarius, Edson Gellert Schubert, Elena-Ramona Modroiu, Jan Janak (@janakj).

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Copyright 2003 FhG FOKUS